What causes periodontitis and how to treat it?

Periodontitis is the most common disease after caries that affects the supporting structures of the teeth. It can lead to tooth loss and other serious health complications.

What causes periodontitis?

The most common cause of periodontitis is dental plaque, microorganisms that grow on surfaces within the mouth. Plaque requires daily removal because it re-forms quickly into tartar. It irritates the gums and leads to circulatory disorders, so the gums become red and swollen. 

The longer that plaque and tartar remain on your teeth, the more they irritate the gingiva, the part of your gum around the base of your teeth, causing inflammation. For this reason, the teeth become unstable and wobble.

Risk groups for periodontal disease include smokers, people who do not maintain proper oral hygiene, suffer from diabetes, or have a genetic predisposition.

Factors that can increase your risk of periodontitis include: chewing food on one side of your mouth, stress, decreased immunity.

Signs and symptoms of periodontitis

If your gums are swollen, red, and bleed when you brush your teeth, it is the first sign that they are inflamed. Also, persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth may be a warning sign of periodontal disease. If the inflammation is not treated, it can also affect the tissues around the tooth that hold it in the jaw.

If periodontal pockets appear and tingling in the gums begins to appear, it means that periodontitis has entered the second stage. The second stage of periodontal disease is not reversible, but it is manageable.

Is periodontal disease irreversible?

This disease can only be slowed down, but not completely cured. For that reason, prevention and proper care must be a priority.

Thorough and regular dental care, tartar removal, and preventive dental examinations every six months lower the risk of the development of periodontitis.

Brush your teeth from the outside, but also brush the inner surfaces of your teeth. Use interdental brushes and floss for thorough cleaning of hard-to-reach parts of the teeth, and use an antiseptic mouthwash to reduce the presence of bacteria in the mouth.

Natural products for prevention

To reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth, dissolve a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of warm water and rinse your mouth with that water after brushing your teeth for at least thirty seconds.

Sage tea has anti-inflammatory properties. Rinse your mouth several times a day with cold sage tea.

Are There Contraindications for Placing Dental Implants?

If tooth loss occurs, the patient can have a dental implant installed if he changes his habits in dental care and visits the dentist more often.

If you have any questions regarding oral health or want to schedule an examination, we are waiting for you in Belgrade at 3 Trstenjakova Street. You can also contact us by phone and schedule your check-up.

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