Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is an illness of the tooth’s supportive apparatus, ie. of those tissues that hold the tooth in the jawbone and amortize the effect of various forces on it.

The main cause of periodontal disease is bad oral hygiene that leads to food retention and the creation of bacteria that can dissolve the tissues surrounding the tooth with their toxins.

What causes periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease can start off unnoticed, causing gum bleeding and can appear in young people. The dangerous part is that it doesn’t start to hurt until it gets complicated. Periodontal disease can cause dental plaque which is almost entirely (80%) made from bacteria and microorganisms. Dental plaque is a colorless, see through, slimy mass that settles down on your teeth. And it cannot be removed by regular brushing. In case of bad oral hygiene, mineral salts are further settled onto the dental plaque. Mineralization occurs and leads to dental tartar. Tartar is visible and it’s settled near the edge of gingiva.

It can cause gum inflammation in 2 ways:

  • By making it harder to keep proper oral hygiene
  • By mechanically pressing down onto the gums and leading to blood flow disorders. Which is the main cause of red and swollen gums.

In case this hard sediment (tartar) is covered by gingiva, and cannot be seen by the naked eye, it is called subgingival calculus. It’s usually found in periodontal pockets.

In case gingivitis (the inflammation of gingiva) isn’t treated, the inflammation can spread and periodontium can deteriorate. Periodontal pockets can form – a space between the root and the inflamed gums. In this stage the teeth become overly sensitive to thermic, mechanical and other irritants. During later stages the teeth start to become loose and fall out.

Periodontal disease symptoms

The symptoms of periodontal disease are: bleeding gums when you’re brushing your teeth or biting down hard, a dull, an indeterminable pain around the tooth, increase in the distance between your teeth or the tooth in question moving slightly forward, as well as teeth that are loose or falling out. In case your answer to at least one of the mentioned symptoms is yes, make sure to contact your dentist. Because there is a possibility that you have periodontal disease, or periodontitis, as it can sometimes be called. See more about treating periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease and implants

Peri implantitis is an infestation of the tissues around dental implants that can lead to bone deterioration. Unlike your real teeth, which are held in the alveolar socket by other tissues placed in between, an implant forms a direct bond with the surrounding bone, without any tissues necessary. The causes of periodontal disease and peri implantitis are identical – poor oral hygiene and the accumulation of tartar. See more about implants.

Is periodontal disease a contradiction when it comes to implant installation

In the end, we can answer the question. Periodontal disease isn’t a contradiction for implant installation if the patient changes their habits concerning regular checkups with the dentist and oral hygiene. See more about the All of 4 method of implant installation.