Gum inflammation is technically called gingivitis. In its early stages bacteria and dental plaque accumulate which causes gums to become slightly inflamed or to bleed when you’re brushing your teeth. At this stage the teeth are still firmly fixed in the bone, even though the gingiva is irritated. There is no still irreparable damage to the bone or other tissues.
If this gum inflammation isn’t treated it can, in time, turn into periodontal disease.The people who are suffering from periodontal disease experience the separation of the gingiva and the bone from the teeth, as well as the formation of PDP. Leftover food and bacteria accumulate in these small spaces from where they’re almost impossible to be removed.
The toxins produced by these bacteria damage the bone around the tooth as well as the periodontal ligament (the connective tissue which keeps the tooth in the bone). If this isn’t treated, it can lead to advancement of the disease adn, finally, to loss of teeth.