Gum inflammation

pacijent sa upalom desni

Gum inflammation is technically called gingivitis. In its early stages bacteria and dental plaque accumulate which causes gums to become slightly inflamed or to bleed when you’re brushing your teeth. At this stage the teeth are still firmly fixed in the bone, even though the gingiva is irritated. There is no still irreparable damage to the bone or other tissues.

If this gum inflammation isn’t treated it can, in time, turn into periodontal disease.The people who are suffering from periodontal disease experience the separation of the gingiva and the bone from the teeth, as well as the formation of PDP. Leftover food and bacteria accumulate in these small spaces from where they’re almost impossible to be removed.

The toxins produced by these bacteria damage the bone around the tooth as well as the periodontal ligament (the connective tissue which keeps the tooth in the bone). If this isn’t treated, it can lead to advancement of the disease adn, finally, to loss of teeth.


The main cause of gum inflammation is plaque. Plaque is a sticky, colorless mass consisting of a large number of bacteria which are the main cause of gum inflammation as well as other dental disorders or disorders of its supporting apparatus. Bad oral hygiene can lead to an exaggerated accumulation of this sediment on your teeth and gum inflammation.

Gum inflammation can be caused by:

  • Hormonal changes (such as puberty, breastfeeding, menopauze) which make the gums more sensitive
  • Using some medication (such as antiepileptics)
  • Bad habits (such as smoking) can also have a negative effect


The trouble with gum inflammation is that it can advance without the patient feeling any discomfort or seeing any obvious symptoms. There are certain warning signs that can forewarn that you might have this disorder. Bleeding after or during brushing your teeth, red or swollen gums, unpleasant breath or taste in your mouth.
Even if all or any of the mentioned symptoms aren’t present, the patient can still have a form of the disorder. This is why we recommend regular visits to your dentist.


In order to prevent the onset of this disorder we firstly recommend adequate oral hygiene which entails brushing your teeth in the morning and the evening as well as regular flossing. You can also use a mouthwash. Even if you keep a regular and proper oral hygiene, some types of sediment are really difficult to remove and they turn into tartar. In order to remove it, we suggest regular checkups with your dentist every 4 to 6 months.


Treating gum disease starts with the proper oral hygiene and use of mouthwash. It is necessary for the patient to contact their dentist in order to remove both the hard and the soft sediment from those spaces which are out of reach for the patient. In some cases, the dentist can prescribe antibiotics.