Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with diagnosing, treating and preventing incorrect tooth positions and jaw and face development. Orthodontic irregularities can lead to problems with speech, chewing and swallowing. Incorrect tooth alignment hinders oral hygiene, causing caries and periodontitis. These anomalies often affect the entire appearance of the face and its physiognomy.
A child should have his or her first orthodontic checkup between the age of four and five to establish whether there are irregularities or predispositions for orthodontic anomalies. In this first phase, bad habits, such as thumb sucking, can be corrected to prevent improper tooth alignment.
Today, orthodontic therapy can be applied to adult patients just as successfully as with children. Adult patients opt for fixed braces for the reasons stated above, as well as cosmetic dental therapy. It is always better to achieve adequate dental esthetics through conservative methods, such as jaw orthopedics, instead of filing down healthy teeth.