Oral surgery is a dental discipline that deals with the operative and or surgical treatment of various soft and hard tissue diseases of the oral cavity. It entails various operations ranging from the simple, such as tooth extraction, to the more complicated, such as jawbone augmentation for implant placement.
Oral surgery interventions are painless. With most oral surgery interventions, pain can be eliminated by applying a local anesthetic, which is injected into the area surrounding the point of operation or around a remote part of the nerve in order to block impulses. In rare cases, the need for total anesthesia arises, usually in patients who are too afraid or in developmentally challenged children. In such cases, surgery is performed in hospital settings, under the supervision of an anesthesiologist.
Tooth extraction implies the removal of a tooth from the dental socket by a dentist.
Impacted tooth extraction is an oral surgery procedure entailing its removal from the jaw.
Apicoectomy implies the removal of the product of an infection from the tip of the tooth root and its surrounding area.